Leucoderma (vitiligo) or white skin disease as it’s commonly known is a condition of the skin wherein there is a gradual loss of the pigment called melanin, from the skin layers, resulting in the appearance of white patches. The cause of leucoderma is unknown, but research suggests that it may arise from autoimmune, genetic, oxidative stress, neural, or viral causes. Leucoderma can affect people of any age and sex and can be seen on any kind of skin. Contrary to the popular belief, the disease is neither infectious nor contagious and is not caused due to any germs or impure blood.
Leucoderma is a growing skin disorder nowadays which does not have any specific physical harm to the person suffering, but has a deep impact on the social life of the person. People having leucoderma on the visible areas of their body feel embarrassed while appearing in their social circles. Long term sufferers are more prone to fall prey to depression, anxiety and feelings of low self esteem. Many are constantly on the watch as to how the opposite person will react to their looks. Thus, it has significant negative effects on the self-image of a person, his quality of life and self esteem.
We perform surgical procedures so that the skin color of the suffering person comes back to normal and they’re able to live a normal life.
What are the symptoms of Leucoderma?
People who develop leucoderma usually first notice white patches or spots (depigmentation) on their skin. The skin remains of normal texture, though some people experience itching in areas where depigmentation is occurring. The white patches are more obvious in sun-exposed areas, including the hands, feet, arms, legs face, and lips. Other common areas for white patches to appear are the armpits and groin and around the mouth, eyes, nostrils, navel, and genitals.
How does Leucoderma develop?
The course and severity of pigment loss differ with each person. In many cases, leucoderma begins in a small area. Over time, other spots may appear, while existing spots may grow larger. Some people notice that their leucoderma may stay the same for years or even decades, and then suddenly new areas of depigmentation may occur.
What is the surgical procedure undertaken for curing Leucoderma?
We use the CO2 Laser Surgical procedure to cure leucoderma, which is the most reliable and permanent cure of Leucoderma.
About CO2 Laser Surgery: This type of surgery is prescribed for those in whom leucoderma patches do not respond to medical treatment but are stable in size for at least a year. These can be removed surgically. In this operation, the superficial skin (epidermis) of the leucoderma patch is removed by CO2 Laser.
A very thin layer of normal pigmented skin of the patient is obtained and is implanted on this abraded leucoderma patch. Special dressings are put on this patch, which are to be removed after ten to twelve days. One can get rid of leucoderma patch by this operation in a short span of time at a very affordable cost. In most of the cases hospital stay is not needed.
For Mucous Membrane areas like lips and genitilia only CO2 abrasion is enough, skin grafting is not necessary.